Profit and Loss- Aptitude Questions and Answers - in Hindi

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If the Cost Price of one book is Rs. 10/- and the Selling Price is Rs. 12/-, what is the Profit or Loss on 100 books?


यदि एक पुस्तक का क्रय मूल्य 10/- रुपये है और विक्रय मूल्य 12/- रुपये है, तो 100 पुस्तकों पर लाभ या हानि क्या है?

A)
2

B)
20

C)
100

D)
200


Correct Answer :

200


Explanation :

Cost Price of 100 book will , 10*100 =1000
Selling Price of 100 book will , 12*100 = 1200

So, Profit = SP - CP (if SP > CP),
Profit = 1200 - 1000 = 200 rupees

If the Selling Price is Rs. 6/- and loss is Rs. 0.50 ps, what is the Cost Price?


यदि विक्रय मूल्य 6/- रुपये है और हानि 0.50 रुपये है, तो लागत मूल्य क्या है?

A)
5

B)
5.50

C)
6

D)
6.50


Correct Answer :

6.50


Explanation :

Loss = CP - SP
CP = 0.50 + 6 = 6.50 Rs

If the Cost Price is Rs. 640/- and Selling Price is Rs. 680/-. What is the Profit percentage?


यदि क्रय मूल्य 640/- रुपये है और विक्रय मूल्य 680/- रुपये है। लाभ प्रतिशत क्या है?

A)
5 %

B)
6.25 %

C)
6 %

D)
7 %


Correct Answer :

6.25 %


Explanation :

Profit = SP - CP = 680 - 640 = 40
Required, profit % = Profit/CP * 100
= (40/640) * 100
= 6.25 %

If the Cost Price is RS 528/- and Profit is Rs 44/-. What is the Selling Price and what is the profit percentage?


यदि लागत मूल्य 528/- रुपये है और लाभ 44/- रुपये है। विक्रय मूल्य क्या है और लाभ प्रतिशत क्या है?

A)
572 , 7.69 %

B)
525 , 7 %

C)
672 , 5.69 %

D)
611 , 5.5 %


Correct Answer :

572 , 7.69 %


Explanation :

Profit = SP - CP
SP = 528 + 44 = 572
Profit % = Profit/CP * 100
= (44/572) * 100
= 7.69 %

An animal trader buys a calf for Rs 800/- and sells at a profit of 10%. What is the selling price of the calf?


एक पशु व्यापारी एक बछड़ा 800/- रुपये में खरीदता है और 10% के लाभ पर बेचता है। बछड़े का विक्रय मूल्य क्या है?

A)
700

B)
800

C)
880

D)
900


Correct Answer :

880


Explanation :

Profit % = Profit/CP * 100
10 = (Profit/800) * 100
Profit = 80

Profit = 80 = SP - CP
80 = SP - 800
SP = 880

An animal trader buys a cow for Rs 1200/- and sells at a loss of 25/3 %. What is the Selling Price of the cow?


एक पशु व्यापारी एक गाय को 1200/- रुपये में खरीदता है और 25/3% की हानि पर बेचता है। गाय का विक्रय मूल्य क्या है?

A)
1000

B)
1100

C)
1200

D)
1400


Correct Answer :

1100


Explanation :

Loss % = Loss/CP * 100
25/3 = (Loss/1200) * 100
Loss = 100

Loss = 100 = CP - SP ( CP > SP )
100 = 1200 - SP
SP = 1100

An animal trader buys a calf and a cow at Rs 800/- and Rs 1200/- respectively and sells them at 10% profit and 25/3 % loss respectively, what shall be profit or loss percentage on the whole?


एक पशु व्यापारी एक बछड़ा और एक गाय को क्रमशः 800/- रुपये और 1200 रुपये पर खरीदता है और उन्हें क्रमशः 10% लाभ और 25/3% हानि पर बेचता है, कुल मिलाकर लाभ या हानि प्रतिशत क्या होगा?

A)
1% Loss

B)
2% Loss

C)
3% Loss

D)
4% Loss


Correct Answer :

1% Loss


Explanation :

After resolving -

Profit % = Profit/CP * 100
10 = (Profit/800) * 100
Profit = 80 = SP - CP ( SP > CP )
80 = SP - 800
selling price of calf, SP = 880 ----------Eq1

Loss % = Loss/CP * 100
25/3 = (Loss/1200) * 100
Loss = 100 = CP - SP ( CP > SP )
100 = 1200 - SP
selling price of cow, SP = 1100 ----------Eq2


So, Total cost price of both = 800 + 1200 = 2000
and from Eq1 and 2, Total selling price is = 880 + 1100 = 1980

Loss = CP - SP ( CP > SP ) = 2000 - 1980 = 20
Loss % = Loss/CP * 100 = (20/2000) * 100 = 1 %

A purchased an article for Rs 96/- and sold it at a profit of Rs 25/3 % to B. If B sells it at a loss of 5%. What shall be the Selling Price of B?


A ने एक वस्तु को 96/- रुपये में खरीदा और इसे 25/3% के लाभ पर B को बेच दिया। यदि B इसे 5% की हानि पर बेचता है। B का विक्रय मूल्य क्या होगा?

A)
90

B)
98.8

C)
102

D)
108


Correct Answer :

98.8


Explanation :

Cost price when A buys an article = 96
Profit % = 25/3 = Profit/CP * 100
Profit = 96 * (25/3 )/ 100 = 8
A sells to B on, SP = CP + Profit
= 96 + 8
= 104

Cost Price when B buys an article = 104
Loss % = 5 = Loss/CP * 100
Loss = 104*5 /100 = 5.2
B sells to, SP = CP - Loss
= 104 - 5.2
= 98.8

Selling a pack of incense sticks for 136 Rs resulted in a loss of 15%. To make a profit of 10%, the selling price should be ?


अगरबत्ती के एक पैकेट को 136 रुपये में बेचने से 15% की हानि हुई। 10% का लाभ कमाने के लिए विक्रय मूल्य कितना होना चाहिए?

A)
160

B)
176

C)
170

D)
149.60


Correct Answer :

176


Explanation :

Let X be cost price.
if sold at 15% loss on the sale price 136 then
=> (100–15)*X / 100 = 136
=> 0.85*X = 136
=> X = 136 / 0.85 = Rs 160

to make 10% profit the sale price should be
=> (100+10)*X / 100
=> 1.10*X
=> 1.10*160 = Rs 176

The cost price of 20 articles is equal to the selling price of 16 articles. Find the gain or loss percent?


20 वस्तुओं का क्रय मूल्य 16 वस्तुओं के विक्रय मूल्य के बराबर है। लाभ या हानि प्रतिशत ज्ञात कीजिये?

A)
20% gain

B)
20% loss

C)
25% gain

D)
20% loss


Correct Answer :

25% gain


Explanation :

Let for an articles cp =x , sp =y
cp of 20 articles =20*x , cp of 16 articles =16*y

As is given, 20*x=16*y
y=20*x/16 = 5*x/4

Gain% = (sp-cp / cp)*100 (Sp > CP)
= (5*x/4 - x / x ) *100
= (5/4 - 1)*100
= (1/4)*100
= 25%

By selling coconuts at the rate of Rs. 6/- each, a trader gained 20%. Find the cost of 100 coconuts?


6 रुपये की दर से प्रत्येक नारियल बेचकर एक व्यापारी ने 20% लाभ प्राप्त किया। 100 नारियल की लागत ज्ञात कीजिये?

A)

100


B)

200


C)

400


D)

500



Correct Answer :

500


Explanation :

SP = 6
profit% =20

CP* (120/100) = 6
CP = 6*(100/120)
CP = 5
CP of 100 coconuts = 100*5 = 500

A person sells an article for Rs 550, gaining 1/10 of its cost price. Its gain percentage is.


एक व्यक्ति 550 रुपये में एक वस्तु बेचता है, जिसमे वह क्रय मूल्य का 1/10 लाभ प्राप्त करता है। इसका लाभ प्रतिशत है।

A)

5%


B)

5.5%


C)

10%


D)

20%



Correct Answer :

10%


Explanation :

Let the CP of the article = x
Gain=1/10 of x = x/10
SP of the article= Rs. 550

SP = CP + Gain
x + x/10 = 550
10x + x = 550 * 10
11x = 5500
x = 5500/11
x = 500
Thus, CP = 500

Gain% = (SP-CP)*100/CP
=(550-500)*100/500
=50/5
=10%

Irvin sold a book at a profit of 12%. If Irvin had sold it for Rs 18 more, then 18% would have been gained. Find the cost price?


इरविन ने एक किताब को 12% के लाभ पर बेचा। अगर इरविन ने इसे 18 रुपये अधिक में बेचा होता, तो 18% का लाभ होता। क्रय मूल्य ज्ञात कीजिए?

A)

Rs 600


B)

Rs 300


C)

Rs 400


D)

Rs 200



Correct Answer :

Rs 300


Explanation :

Let CP of Book be x
SP at 12% gain = x + 12*x/100 = 1.12x
SP at 18% gain = x + 18*x/100 = 1.18x

According to question,if it sold for 18 rupees more then the gain would have been 18%.
So,
1.18x - 1.12x = 18
=> 0.06x = 18
=> x = 18*100/6
=> x = 300

Hence,the CP of a book = 300

Vikas bought paper sheets for Rs 7200 and spent Rs 200 on transport. Paying Rs 600, he had 330 boxes made,which he sold at Rs 28 each. His profit percentage is?


विकास ने 7200 रुपये में पेपर शीट खरीदी और 200 रुपये परिवहन पर खर्च किए। 600 रुपये का भुगतान करते हुए, उसने 330 बक्से बनाए, जिसे उसने 28 रुपये में बेचा। उसका लाभ प्रतिशत है?

A)

Rs 600


B)

Rs 300


C)

Rs 400


D)

Rs 200



Correct Answer :

Rs 300


Explanation :

CP of 330 boxes = (7200 + 200 + 600) = Rs 8000
SP of 330 boxes = (330 * 28) = Rs 9240
Gain = 9240-8000 = 1240
Gain % = (1240 / 8000) * 100 % = 15.5%

The sale price of an article including the sales tax is Rs 616.The rate of sales tax is 10%, if the shopkeeper has made a profit of 12%, then the cost price of the article is?


बिक्री कर सहित एक वस्तु का विक्रय मूल्य 616 रुपये है। बिक्री कर की दर 10% है, यदि दुकानदार ने 12% का लाभ कमाया है, तो वस्तु का लागत मूल्य है?

A)

Rs 450


B)

Rs 475


C)

Rs 500


D)

Rs 616



Correct Answer :

Rs 500


Explanation :

Let the cost price of article be Rs x
Profit = 12%
Rate of sales tax = 10%
Sale price of an article including sales tax = Rs 616
According to the question,
⇒112x/100 + 112x/100 * 10/100 =616
⇒112x/100 + 112x/1000 =616
⇒(1120x + 112x)/1000 =616
⇒1232x=616*1000
⇒x=500

Sam purchased 20 dozens of toys at the rate of 375 Rs per dozen. He sold each one of then at the rate of Rs 33.What was his percentage profit?


सैम ने 375 रुपये प्रति दर्जन की दर से 20 दर्जन खिलौने खरीदे। उसने उनमें से प्रत्येक को 33 रुपये की दर से बेचा। उसका लाभ प्रतिशत कितना था?

A)

3.5


B)

4.5


C)

5.6


D)

6.5



Correct Answer :

5.6


Explanation :

CP of one toy=Rs 375/12=Rs 31.25
SP of one toy=Rs 33
profit=SP-CP=33-31.25=Rs 1.75
profit %=(profit/CP)*100
=(1.75/31.25)*100
profit% =5.6%

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