Logical Deduction

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In the question below are given two statements followed by three conclusions numbered I, II and III. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts. Read both the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements./ नीचे दिये गए प्रश्न में दो कथन और उसके नीचे तीन निष्कर्ष I, II और III दिए गए है। आपको दिए गए कथनों को सत्‍य मानना है, भले ही वे सर्वज्ञात तथ्‍यो से भिन्‍न प्रतीत हो। दोनों निष्कर्ष को पढिए और फिर तय कीजिए कि कौन सा निष्कर्ष दिए गए कथनों का तर्कसंगत रूप से अनुसरण करता है।
Statements/कथन:
All books are pins. / सभी किताबे पिन है।
Some pins are desks. / कुछ  पिन डेस्‍क है।
Conclusions/निष्कर्ष:
I. Some desks are books. / कुछ डेस्‍क किताबे है।
II. All desks are pins. / सभी डेस्‍क  पिन है।
III. No desk is book. / कोई डेस्‍क किताब नहीं है।

Only either I or II follows / केवल या तो I या II अनुसरण करता है।
Only either I or III follows / केवल या तो I या III अनुसरण करता है।
Only either II or III follows / केवल या तो II या III अनुसरण करता है।
Only I follows / केवल I अनुसरण करता है।
Correct Answer :Only either I or III follows / केवल या तो I या III अनुसरण करता है।

In the question below, there are few statements followed by few conclusions. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusion logically follow(s) from the given statements./नीचे दिए गए प्रश्न में कुछ कथन और उसके बाद कुछ निष्कर्ष दिए गए है । आपको दिए गए कथनों को सत्‍य मानना है भले ही वे सर्वज्ञात तथ्‍यो से भि‫न्‍न प्रतीत होते हों । सभी निष्कर्ष को पढिए फिर तय कीजिए कि दिए गए निष्कर्ष में से कौन सा तर्कसंगत रूप से अनुसरण करता है , चाहे सर्वज्ञात तथ्‍य कुछ भी हों ।
Statements:/कथन:
All animals are dogs./सभी जानवर, कुत्ते है ।
All dogs are birds./सभी कुत्ते,चिडिया है ।
Some animals are wild./कुछ जानवर, जंगली है ।
Conclusions:/निष्कर्ष:
I. All animals are birds./सभी जानवर,चिडिया है ।
II. All birds are animals./सभीचिडिया, जानवर है ।

Only conclusion I follows./केवल निष्कर्ष I अनुसरण करता है
Only conclusion II follows./केवल निष्कर्ष II अनुसरण करता है
Either conclusion I or II follows./या निष्कर्ष I या II अनुसरण करता है
Both conclusions I and II follow/ दोनों निष्कर्षI और IIअनुसरण करते है


Correct Answer :Only conclusion I follows./केवल निष्कर्ष I अनुसरण करता है

In the question below, there are few statements followed by few conclusions. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusion logically follow(s) from the given statements./निर्देश: नीचे दिए गए प्रश्न में कुछ कथन और उसके बाद कुछ निष्कर्ष दिए गए है ।आपको दिए गए कथनों को सत्‍य मानना है भले ही वे सर्वज्ञात तथ्‍यो से भि‫न्‍न प्रतीत होते हों। सभी निष्कर्ष को पढिए फिर तय कीजिए कि दिए गए निष्कर्ष में से कौन सा तर्कसंगत रूप से अनुसरण करता है ,चाहे सर्वज्ञात तथ्‍य कुछ भी हों ।
Statements:/कथन:
Some shoes are white./कुछ जूते, सफेद है ।
All white are blue./सभी सफेद, नीले है ।
All blue are red./सभी नीले, लाल है ।
Conclusions:/निष्कर्ष:
I. All shoes are blue./सभीजूते, नीले है ।
II. Some shoes are blue./कुछ जूते, नीले है ।

Only conclusion I follows./केवल निष्कर्ष I अनुसरण करता है
Only conclusion II follows./केवल निष्कर्ष II अनुसरण करता है
Either conclusion I or II follows./या निष्कर्ष I या II अनुसरण करता है
Both conclusions I and II follow/ दोनों निष्कर्ष I और IIअनुसरण करते है


Correct Answer :Only conclusion II follows./केवल निष्कर्ष II अनुसरण करता है

In the question below, there are few statements followed by few conclusions. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusion logically follow(s) from the given statements./निर्देश: नीचे दिए गए प्रश्न में कुछ कथन और उसके बाद कुछ निष्कर्ष दिए गए है ।आपको दिए गए कथनों को सत्‍य मानना है भले ही वे सर्वज्ञात तथ्‍यो से भि‫न्‍न प्रतीत होते हों । सभी निष्कर्ष को पढिए फिर तय कीजिए कि दिए गए निष्कर्ष में से कौन सा तर्कसंगत रूप से अनुसरण करता है ,चाहे सर्वज्ञात तथ्‍य कुछ भी हों ।
Statements:/कथन:
All frogs are tortoise./सभी मेंडक, कछुए है ।
No tortoise is a crocodile./कोई कछुआ, मगरमच्छ नहीं है ।
Some crocodiles are elephants./कुछ मगरमच्छ, हाथी है ।
Conclusions:/निष्कर्ष:
I. Some tortoise are frogs./कुछ कछुआ, मेंडक है ।
II. No crocodile is a frog./कोई मगरमच्छ, मेंडक नहीं है ।

Only conclusion I follows./केवल निष्कर्ष I अनुसरण करता है
Only conclusion II follows./केवल निष्कर्ष II अनुसरण करता है
Either conclusion I or II follows./या निष्कर्ष I या II अनुसरण करता है
Both conclusions I and II follow/ दोनों निष्कर्ष I और II अनुसरण करते है


Correct Answer :Both conclusions I and II follow/ दोनों निष्कर्ष I और II अनुसरण करते है

In the question below, there are few statements followed by few conclusions. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusion logically follow(s) from the given statements./निर्देश: नीचे दिए गए प्रश्न में कुछ कथन और उसके बाद कुछ निष्कर्ष दिए गए है ।आपको दिए गए कथनों को सत्‍य मानना है भले ही वे सर्वज्ञात तथ्‍यो से भि‫न्‍न प्रतीत होते हों । सभी निष्कर्ष को पढिए फिर तय कीजिए कि दिए गए निष्कर्ष में से कौन सा तर्कसंगत रूप से अनुसरण करता है ,चाहे सर्वज्ञात तथ्‍य कुछ भी हों ।
Statements:/कथन:
All fruits are lions./सभी फल, शेर है ।
All lions are foxes./ सभी शेर, लोमडियाँ है ।
Some foxes are elephants./ कुछ लोमडियाँ, हाथी है ।
Conclusions:/निष्‍कर्ष:
I. All fruits are foxes./सभी फल, लोमडियाँ है ।
II. Some fruits are elephants./कुछ फल, हाथी है ।

Only conclusion I follows./ केवल निष्‍कर्ष I अनुसरण करता है
Only conclusion II follows./ केवल निष्‍कर्ष II अनुसरण करता है
Neither conclusion I nor II follows./न निष्‍कर्ष I न II अनुसरण करता है
Both conclusions I and II follow./ दोनों निष्‍कर्ष I और II अनुसरण करते है


Correct Answer :Only conclusion I follows./ केवल निष्‍कर्ष I अनुसरण करता है

In the question below, there are few statements followed by few conclusions. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusion logically follow(s) from the given statements./निर्देश: नीचे दिए गए प्रश्न में कुछ कथन और उसके बाद कुछ निष्कर्ष दिए गए है ।आपको दिए गए कथनों को सत्‍य मानना है भले ही वे सर्वज्ञात तथ्‍यो से भि‫न्‍न प्रतीत होते हों । सभी निष्कर्ष को पढिए फिर तय कीजिए कि दिए गए निष्कर्ष में से कौन सा तर्कसंगत रूप से अनुसरण करता है ,चाहे सर्वज्ञात तथ्‍य कुछ भी हों ।
Statements:/कथन:
All students like excursions./सभी विद्यार्थियों को सैर पसंद है ।
Some students like experiments./कुछ विद्यार्थियों को प्रयोग पसंद है ।
No student like exams./किसी विद्यार्थी को परीक्षा पसंद नहीं है ।
Conclusions:/निष्‍कर्ष:
I. Students who like experiments also like excursions./जिन विद्यार्थियों को प्रयोग पसंद है , उन्हें सैर
भी पसंद है ।
II. Some students like exams./कुछ विद्यार्थियों को परीक्षा पसंद है ।

Only conclusion I follows./ केवल निष्‍कर्ष I अनुसरण करता है
Only conclusion II follows./ केवल निष्‍कर्ष II अनुसरण करता है
Neither conclusion I nor II follows./न निष्‍कर्ष I न II अनुसरण करता है
Both conclusions I and II follow./ दोनों निष्‍कर्ष I और II अनुसरण करते है


Correct Answer :Only conclusion I follows./ केवल निष्‍कर्ष I अनुसरण करता है

In the question below, there are few statements followed by few conclusions. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusion logically follow(s) from the given statements./निर्देश: नीचे दिए गए प्रश्न में कुछ कथन और उसके बाद कुछ निष्कर्ष दिए गए है ।आपको दिए गए कथनों को सत्‍य मानना है भले ही वे सर्वज्ञात तथ्‍यो से भि‫न्‍न प्रतीत होते हों । सभी निष्कर्ष को पढिए फिर तय कीजिए कि दिए गए निष्कर्ष में से कौन सा तर्कसंगत रूप से अनुसरण करता है ,चाहे सर्वज्ञात तथ्‍य कुछ भी हों ।
Statements:/कथन:
Some players are educated./कुछ खिलाड़ी, शिक्षित है ।
Some educated are cultured./कुछ शिक्षित, सुसंस्‍कृत है ।
Some cultured are happy./कुछ सुसंस्‍कृत, खुश है ।
Conclusions:/निष्‍कर्ष:
I. Some players are cultured./ कुछ खिलाड़ी, सुसंस्‍कृतहै ।
II. All cultured are players./सभी सुसंस्‍कृत, खिलाड़ी है ।

Only conclusion I follows./ केवल निष्‍कर्ष I अनुसरण करता है
Only conclusion II follows./ केवल निष्‍कर्ष II अनुसरण करता है
Neither conclusion I nor II follows./न निष्‍कर्ष I न II अनुसरण करता है
Both conclusions I and II follow./ दोनों निष्‍कर्ष I और II अनुसरण करते है


Correct Answer :Neither conclusion I nor II follows./न निष्‍कर्ष I न II अनुसरण करता है

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