PHP Interview Questions and Answers

What is PHP?
The PHP Hypertext Preprocessor is a programming language that allows web developers to create dynamic content that interacts with databases. PHP is basically used for developing web based software applications.
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What are the differences between Get and post methods?
There are some defference between GET and POST method 1. GET Method have some limit like only 2Kb data able to send for request But in POST method unlimited data can we send 2. when we use GET method requested data show in url but Not in POST method so POST method is good for send sensetive request
What are the differences between require and include?
Both include and require used to include a file but when included file not found Include send Warning where as Require send Fatal Error .
What is use of header() function in php ?

The header() function sends a raw HTTP header to a client.We can use header() 
function for redirection of pages. It is important to notice that header() must
be called before any actual output is seen.

What is meant by nl2br()?

Inserts HTML line breaks (<BR />) before all newlines in a strin

How we get IP address of client, previous reference page etc ?
By using $_SERVER['REMOTE_ADDR'],$_SERVER['HTTP_REFERER'] etc.
How can we register the variables into a session?
$_SESSION['name'] = 'me';

What are the different types of error in php?

three basic types of runtime errors in PHP:

1. Notices: These are trivial, non-critical errors that PHP encounters while executing a
script for example, accessing a variable that has not yet been defined.
By default, such errors are not displayed to the user at all although 
you can change this default behavior.

2. Warnings: These are more serious errors for example, attempting to include() a file 
which does not exist. By default, these errors are displayed to the user, but they do 
not result in script termination.

3. Fatal errors: These are critical errors  for example, instantiating an object of a non-existent class,
or calling a non-existent function. These errors cause the immediate termination of the script, and PHP 
default behavior is to display them to the user when they take place.

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Pipes and Cistern

Three taps A,B and C can fill a tank in 12, 15 and 20 hours respectively. If A is open all the time and B and C are open for one hour each alternatively, the tank will be full in?

Two pipes A and B can fill a tank in 6 hours and 4 hours respectively. If they are opened on alternate hours and if pipe A s opened first, in how many hours, the tank shall be full?

A large tanker can be filled by two pipes A and B in 60 min and 40 min respectively. How many minutes will it take to fill the tanker from empty state if B is used for first half of the time, and A and B fill it together for the other half?

A tank is filled by 3 pipes with uniform flow. The first two pipes operating simultaneously fill the tank in the same time during which the tank is filled by the third pipe alone. The 2nd pipe fills the tank 5 hours faster than first pipe and 4 hours slower than third pipe. The time required by first pipe is?

Two pipes A and B together can fill a cistern in 4 hours. Had they been opened separately, then B would have taken 6 hours more than A to fill the cistern. How much time will be taken by A to fill the cistern separately?

Two pipes A and B can fill a tank in 24 min and 32 min respectively. If both the pipes are opened simultaneously, after how much time B should be closed so that the tank is full in 18 min?

Two pipes A and B can fill a tank in 36 min and 45 min respectively. A water pipe C can empty the tank in 30 min. First A and B are opened. after 7 min, C is also opened. In how much time, the tank is full?

Two pipes can fill a cistern in 14 hours and 16 hours respectively. The pipes are opened simultaneously and it is found that due to leakage in the bottom it took 32 min more to fill the cistern. When the cistern is full, in what time will the leak empty it?

Bucket P has thrice the capacity as Bucket Q. It takes 60 turns for Bucket P to fill the empty drum. How many turns it will take for both the buckets P and Q, having each turn together to fill the empty drum?

Probability

In a class , 30 % of the students offered English, 20 % offered Hindi and 10 % offered Both.If a student is offered at random, what is the probability that he has offered English or Hindi?

In a lottery ,there are 10 prizes and 25 blanks.A lottery is drawn at random. what is the probability of getting a prize ?

Two dice are thrown simultaneously .what is the probability of getting two numbers whose product is even?

Two diced are tossed the probability that the total score is a prime number?

Two cards are drawn at random from a pack of 52 cards What is the probability that either both are black or both are queens?

Two dice are thrown together .What is the probability that the sum of the number on the two faces is divisible by 4 or 6?

A bag contains 6 white and 4 black balls .Two balls are drawn at random .Find the probability that they are of the same colour?

In a simultaneous throw of a pair of dice,find the probability of getting a total more than 7?

An unbiased die is tossed.Find the probability of getting a multiple of 3?

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