Indian Politics - General Knowledge Questions and Answers

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Who is known for initiating electoral reforms in India to ensure free and fair elections?

A)

N. Gopalaswami


B)

T. N. Seshan


C)

S. Y. Quraishi


D)

M. S. Gill



Correct Answer :

T. N. Seshan


Explanation :

TN Seshan famous was appointed as the 10th Chief Election Commissioner and served from 12 December 1990 to 11 December 1996. He became best known for his electoral reforms.

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In the Federation established by the Act 1935, residuary powers were given to the?

A)

Federal Courts


B)

Provincial Legislature


C)

Governor General


D)

Provincial Governors



Correct Answer :

Governor General


Explanation :

On August 1935, the Government of India passed longest act i.e. Government of India Act 1935 under the British Act of Parliament.
The Indian leaders were not enthusiastic about the Act since despite granting provincial autonomy the governors and the viceroy had considerable ‘special powers’.
After independence, this Act was replaced by the Constitution of India .

Who was the first chairman of the Constituent Assembly?

A)

B.R. Ambedkar


B)

Dr Sacchidanand Sinha


C)

Dr. Rajendra Prasad


D)

Jawaharlal Nehru



Correct Answer :

Dr Sacchidanand Sinha


Explanation :

Dr.Sachchidanand Sinha was the first (temporary) chairman of Constituent Assembly. The Constituent Assembly of India was elected to write the Constitution of India.

Which of the Act Introduced Dyarchy in the provinces?

A)

Government of India Act 1861


B)

Government of India Act 1919


C)

Indian Council Act 1861


D)

Indian Council Act 1862



Correct Answer :

Government of India Act 1919


Explanation :

The Government of India Act (1919) Dyarchy, also spelled diarchy, system of double government introduced by the Government of India Act (1919) for the provinces of British India.

In this act, for the first time, the system of bicameral system and direct election was introduced in the country. Thus, in place of Legislative Council in India, bicameral system i.e. Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha was formed. The majority members of both the houses were elected through direct election.

According to Indian constitution the age for retirement of judges from supreme court and high courts are respectively?

A)

65 year & 62 year


B)

65 year & 60 year


C)

65 year for both


D)

65 year and 63 year



Correct Answer :

65 year & 62 year


Explanation :

According to Article 124(2) of the Constitution, the age of retirement for Supreme Court judges is 65.
As per Article 217(1) of the Constitution, High Court judges retire at 62.

According to our constitution Who is the chief executive head of the state in India?

A)

Chief Minister


B)

The President


C)

The Governor


D)

None of these



Correct Answer :

The President


Explanation :

The president of India is the head of state and the commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces whilst the elected prime minister acts as the head of the executive, and is responsible for running the Union government.

Which article ensures the special status to North eastern states?

A)

Article 370


B)

Article 371


C)

Article 372


D)

Article 398



Correct Answer :

Article 371

Development expenditure of union government does not include?

A)

Grant to defence system


B)

Expenditure on planning


C)

Expenditure of social schemes


D)

Help to state



Correct Answer :

Grant to defence system


Explanation :

Development expenditure of the Central Government does not include. defence expenditure.

India has _________Political System?

A)

Federal, Presidential, Republics


B)

Republic, Parliamentary, Unitary


C)

Unitary, Presidential, Republics


D)

Federal, Parliamentary, Republics



Correct Answer :

Federal, Parliamentary, Republics

According to Constitution India has been described as?

A)

Union of States


B)

Federation of States


C)

Confederation of States


D)

Centralization of State



Correct Answer :

Union of States


Explanation :

India, also known as Bharat, is a Union of States.
Article 1 of the Constitution of India declares India as a Union of states. According to Constitution India is the Union of states because the states are indestructible part of the country.

Which of the following amendments took away the right to property from the list of the fundamental rights?

A)

42nd


B)

44th


C)

45th


D)

43rd



Correct Answer :

44th


Explanation :

The 44th Amendment of 1978 removed the right to property from the list of fundamental rights. A new provision, Article 300-A, was added to the constitution, which provided that “no person shall be deprived of his property save by authority of law

Article 30 of the Indian Constitution deals with the?

A)

Freedom of conscience


B)

Right to propagate religion


C)

Rights of minorities to establish and manage educational institutions


D)

Cultural and educational right of the majority community



Correct Answer :

Rights of minorities to establish and manage educational institutions


Explanation :

Article 30 of the Indian Constitution states the right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions.
It says: “All minorities, whether based on religion or language, shall have the right to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice.”

What is the duration of term of a Panchayat according to Indian constitution?

A)

5 years


B)

6 years


C)

4 years


D)

1 year



Correct Answer :

5 years


Explanation :

The Panchayat is chaired by the president of the village, known as a Sarpanch. The term of the elected representatives is five years. The Secretary of the Panchayat is a non-elected representative, appointed by the state government, to oversee Panchayat activities.

Who among the following was the Finance Minister of India in the interim Government during 1946-1947?

A)

R K Shanmukham Chetty


B)

John Mathai


C)

Liaquat Ali Khan


D)

Chintamanrao Deshmukh



Correct Answer :

Liaquat Ali Khan


Explanation :

Liaquat Ali Khan became the first Finance Minister of India in the Interim Government during 1946-1947

Which one of the following statements correctly describes the Fourth Schedule of the Constitution of India?

A)

It lists the distribution of powers between the Union and the states


B)

It contains the languages listed in the Constitution


C)

It contains the provisions regarding the administration of tribal areas


D)

It allocates seats in the Council of States



Correct Answer :

It allocates seats in the Council of States


Explanation :

The Fourth Schedule of the Constitution deals with the allocation of seats in the Rajya Sabha to the States and Union Territories. The allocation is based upon the population of states and UTs.

Which one of the following rights was described by Dr. B. R. Ambedkar as the heart and soul of the Constitution?

A)

Right to freedom of religion


B)

Right to property


C)

Right to equality


D)

Right to Constitutional remedies



Correct Answer :

Right to Constitutional remedies


Explanation :

ARTICLE 32(Right to Constitutional Remedies)
During the Constituent Assembly debate, Dr. B.R Ambedkar had said that Article 32 is the heart and soul of the Constitution, and rights given through it will always be exercised in the Supreme Court unless any amendment has been made in the Constitution.

Which part of the constitution is for fundamental duties?

A)
Part IV

B)
Part V

C)
Part IVA

D)
Part III


Correct Answer :

Part IVA


Explanation :

The Indian Constitution is unique in its contents and spirit. Although it had picked up many best features from other constitutions of the world.
India borrowed the concept of Fundamental Duties from the Soviet Constitution (USSR, now Russia)

Article 51A, Part IVA of the Indian Constitution, specifies the list of fundamental duties of the citizens.

at present there are overall 11 Fundamental Duties in Indian Constitution which are given below :

To abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions , the National Flag and the National Anthem ;
To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom ;
To uphold and protect the sovereignty , unity and integrity of India ;
To defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so ;
To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious , linguistic and regional or sectional diversities and to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women ;
To value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture ;
To protect and improve the natural environment including forests , lakes , rivers and wildlife and to have compassion for living creatures ;
To develop scientific temper , humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform ;
To safeguard public property and to abjure violence ;
To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavour and achievement ;
To provide opportunities for education by the parent or guardian to his child or ward between the age of 6 and 14 years . This duty was added to the Indian Constitution by the 86th Constitutional Amendment Act , 2002 .

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Choose the option that substitutes the given phrase appropriately.
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Choose the option that best transforms the sentence into its Indirect form:
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Alternative Phrase

Choose the option that best explains the highlighted expression:
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Choose an appropriate modal for the given sentence:
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Choose the appropriate prepositions for the given sentence:
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Choose the appropriate conjunction for the given sentence:
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Antonyms

Choose the appropriate antonym for the highlighted word in the given sentence.
The family protracted their visit by several days.

Tenses

Choose the appropriate tenses to fill in the blanks in the given sentence:
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Synonyms

Choose the appropriate synonym for the highlighted word in the given sentence.
Does he really expect us to believe such a flimsy excuse?

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