Indian Politics - General Knowledge Questions and Answers

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Article 30 of the Indian Constitution deals with the? / भारतीय संविधान का अनुच्‍छेद 30 क्या कार्यवाही करता है?

reedom of conscience / अतंरात्‍मा की स्‍वतत्रंता
Right to propagate religion / धर्म का प्रचार करने का अधिकार
Rights of minorities to establish and manage educational institutions / अल्‍पसंख्‍यको को
शैक्षिक सस्‍ंथानों कीस्थापना और प्रबधंन का अधिकार
Cultural and educational right of the majority community / बहुसंख्‍यक समुदाय की सांस्‍कृतिक
और शैक्षिक अधिकार


Correct Answer :Rights of minorities to establish and manage educational institutions / अल्‍पसख्‍ंयको को शैक्षिक संस्‍थानों की स्थापना और प्रबधंन का अधिकार

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In the Federation established by the Act 1935, residuary powers were given to the?

A)

Federal Courts


B)

Provincial Legislature


C)

Governor General


D)

Provincial Governors



Correct Answer :

Governor General


Explanation :

On August 1935, the Government of India passed longest act i.e. Government of India Act 1935 under the British Act of Parliament.
The Indian leaders were not enthusiastic about the Act since despite granting provincial autonomy the governors and the viceroy had considerable ‘special powers’.
After independence, this Act was replaced by the Constitution of India .

Who was the first chairman of the Constituent Assembly?

A)

B.R. Ambedkar


B)

Dr Sacchidanand Sinha


C)

Dr. Rajendra Prasad


D)

Jawaharlal Nehru



Correct Answer :

Dr Sacchidanand Sinha


Explanation :

Dr.Sachchidanand Sinha was the first (temporary) chairman of Constituent Assembly. The Constituent Assembly of India was elected to write the Constitution of India.

Which of the Act Introduced Dyarchy in the provinces?

A)

Government of India Act 1861


B)

Government of India Act 1919


C)

Indian Council Act 1861


D)

Indian Council Act 1862



Correct Answer :

Government of India Act 1919


Explanation :

The Government of India Act (1919) Dyarchy, also spelled diarchy, system of double government introduced by the Government of India Act (1919) for the provinces of British India.

In this act, for the first time, the system of bicameral system and direct election was introduced in the country. Thus, in place of Legislative Council in India, bicameral system i.e. Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha was formed. The majority members of both the houses were elected through direct election.

The sequence in which the given terms are mentioned in the preamble to the Constitution of India is?

A)

Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic, Republic


B)

Socialist, Secular, Sovereign, Democratic, Republic


C)

Secular, Socialist, Sovereign, Democratic, Republic


D)

Sovereign, Democratic, Socialist, Secular, Republic


E)

Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic, Republic



Explanation :

Preamble to the Constitution of India – “WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens:

JUSTICE, social, economic and political; LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;

EQUALITY of status and of opportunity;

and to promote among them all FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation;

IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty-sixth day of November, 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION"

According to Indian constitution the age for retirement of judges from supreme court and high courts are respectively? / भारतीय संविधान के अनसुार सर्वोच्च न्‍यायालय और उच्च न्‍यायालयों से सेवानिविृत्‍त के लिए न्‍यायाधीशों की आयु क्रमशः है?

65 year & 62 year / 65 वर्ष  और 62 वर्ष 
65 year & 60 year / 65 वर्ष  और 60 वर्ष 
65 year for both / 65 वर्ष  दोनों के लिए
65 year and 63 year / 65 वर्ष  और 63 वर्ष 


Correct Answer :65 year & 62 year / 65 वर्ष  और 62 वर्ष 

According to our constitution Who is the chief executive head of the state in India?

A)

Chief Minister


B)

The President


C)

The Governor


D)

None of these



Correct Answer :

The President


Explanation :

The president of India is the head of state and the commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces whilst the elected prime minister acts as the head of the executive, and is responsible for running the Union government.

Which article ensures the special status to North eastern states? / कौन सा अनुच्छेद पूर्वोत्तर राज्यों को विशेष राज्य का दर्जा सुनिश्चित करता है?
 

Article 370 / अनुच्छेद 370
Article 371 / अनुच्छेद 371
Article 372 / अनुच्छेद 372
Article 398 / अनुच्छेद 398


Correct Answer :Article 371 / अनुच्छेद 371

Development expenditure of union government does not include? / केंद्र सरकार का विकास व्‍यय शामिल नही करता है?

Grant to defence system / रक्षा प्रणाली के लिए अनुदान
Expenditure on planning / योजना पर व्‍यय
Expenditure of social schemes / सामाजिक योजनाओं के व्‍यय
Help to state / राज्य के लिए मदद


Correct Answer :Grant to defence system / रक्षा प्रणाली के लिए अनुदान

India has _________Political System? / भारत में_________ राजनीतिक प्रणाली है?

Federal, Presidential, Republics / संघीय ,राष्ट्रपति ,गणराज्य
Republic, Parliamentary, Unitary / गणराज्य ,ससंदीय ,सयुंक्त
Unitary, Presidential, Republics / सयुंक्त,राष्ट्रपति ,गणराज्य
Federal, Parliamentary, Republics / सघींय ,ससंदीय ,गणराज्य


Correct Answer :Federal, Parliamentary, Republics / सघींय ,ससंदीय ,गणराज्य

According to Constitution India has been described as? / संविधान के अनुसार भारत
को किस रूप में वर्णित किया गया है?

Union of States / राज्यों का सघं
Federation of States / राज्यों का मडंल
Confederation of States / राज्यों का परिसघं
Centralization of State / राज्य का केंद्रीकरण


Correct Answer :Union of States / राज्यों का सघं

Which of the following amendments took away the right to property from the list of the fundamental rights? / निम्नलिखित संशोधनों से मौलिक अधिकारों की सूची में से संपित्त के अधिकार को किसने छीन लिया?

42nd
44th
45th
43rd


Correct Answer :44th

What is the duration of term of a Panchayat according to Indian constitution?/ भारतीय संविधान के अनुसार पंचायत का कार्यकाल कितने समय का होता है ?

5 years/ 5 वर्ष
6 years/ 6 वर्ष
4 years/ 4 वर्ष
1 year/ 1 वर्ष


Correct Answer :5 years/ 5 वर्ष

Who among the following was the Finance Minister of India in the lnterim Government
during 1946-1947?

R K Shanmukham Chetty
John Mathai
Liaquat Ali Khan
Chintamanrao Deshmukh

Correct Answer :

Liaquat Ali Khan

Which one of the following statements correctly describes the Fourth Schedule of the Constitution of India?

It lists the distribution of powers between the Union and the states
It contains the languages listed in the Constitution
It contains the provisions regarding the administration of tribal areas
It allocates seats in the Council of States

Correct Answer :

It allocates seats in the Council of States

Which one of the following rights was described by Dr. B. R. Ambedkar as the heart and soul of the Constitution?

Right to freedom of religion
Right to property
Right to equality
Right to Constitutional remedies

Correct Answer :

Right to Constitutional remedies

Which part of the constitution is for fundamental duties?

A)
Part IV

B)
Part V

C)
Part IVA

D)
Part III


Correct Answer :

Part IVA


Explanation :

The Indian Constitution is unique in its contents and spirit. Although it had picked up many best features from other constitutions of the world.
India borrowed the concept of Fundamental Duties from the Soviet Constitution (USSR, now Russia)

Article 51A, Part IVA of the Indian Constitution, specifies the list of fundamental duties of the citizens.

at present there are overall 11 Fundamental Duties in Indian Constitution which are given below :

To abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions , the National Flag and the National Anthem ;
To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom ;
To uphold and protect the sovereignty , unity and integrity of India ;
To defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so ;
To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious , linguistic and regional or sectional diversities and to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women ;
To value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture ;
To protect and improve the natural environment including forests , lakes , rivers and wildlife and to have compassion for living creatures ;
To develop scientific temper , humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform ;
To safeguard public property and to abjure violence ;
To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavour and achievement ;
To provide opportunities for education by the parent or guardian to his child or ward between the age of 6 and 14 years . This duty was added to the Indian Constitution by the 86th Constitutional Amendment Act , 2002 .

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Pipes and Cistern

Three taps A,B and C can fill a tank in 12, 15 and 20 hours respectively. If A is open all the time and B and C are open for one hour each alternatively, the tank will be full in?

Two pipes A and B can fill a tank in 6 hours and 4 hours respectively. If they are opened on alternate hours and if pipe A s opened first, in how many hours, the tank shall be full?

A large tanker can be filled by two pipes A and B in 60 min and 40 min respectively. How many minutes will it take to fill the tanker from empty state if B is used for first half of the time, and A and B fill it together for the other half?

A tank is filled by 3 pipes with uniform flow. The first two pipes operating simultaneously fill the tank in the same time during which the tank is filled by the third pipe alone. The 2nd pipe fills the tank 5 hours faster than first pipe and 4 hours slower than third pipe. The time required by first pipe is?

Two pipes A and B together can fill a cistern in 4 hours. Had they been opened separately, then B would have taken 6 hours more than A to fill the cistern. How much time will be taken by A to fill the cistern separately?

Two pipes A and B can fill a tank in 24 min and 32 min respectively. If both the pipes are opened simultaneously, after how much time B should be closed so that the tank is full in 18 min?

Two pipes A and B can fill a tank in 36 min and 45 min respectively. A water pipe C can empty the tank in 30 min. First A and B are opened. after 7 min, C is also opened. In how much time, the tank is full?

Two pipes can fill a cistern in 14 hours and 16 hours respectively. The pipes are opened simultaneously and it is found that due to leakage in the bottom it took 32 min more to fill the cistern. When the cistern is full, in what time will the leak empty it?

Bucket P has thrice the capacity as Bucket Q. It takes 60 turns for Bucket P to fill the empty drum. How many turns it will take for both the buckets P and Q, having each turn together to fill the empty drum?

Probability

In a class , 30 % of the students offered English, 20 % offered Hindi and 10 % offered Both.If a student is offered at random, what is the probability that he has offered English or Hindi?

In a lottery ,there are 10 prizes and 25 blanks.A lottery is drawn at random. what is the probability of getting a prize ?

Two dice are thrown simultaneously .what is the probability of getting two numbers whose product is even?

Two diced are tossed the probability that the total score is a prime number?

Two cards are drawn at random from a pack of 52 cards What is the probability that either both are black or both are queens?

Two dice are thrown together .What is the probability that the sum of the number on the two faces is divisible by 4 or 6?

A bag contains 6 white and 4 black balls .Two balls are drawn at random .Find the probability that they are of the same colour?

In a simultaneous throw of a pair of dice,find the probability of getting a total more than 7?

An unbiased die is tossed.Find the probability of getting a multiple of 3?

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