Indian Geography - General Knowledge Questions and Answers - in Hindi

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About 99 percent atmospheric mass lies below?


लगभग 99 प्रतिशत वायुमंडलीय द्रव्यमान कितने किलोमीटर के नीचे स्थित होता है?

A)

50 km


B)

20 km


C)

12 km


D)

32 km



Correct Answer :

32 km


Explanation :

About 99% of the total atmospheric mass is concentrated in the first 20 miles (32 km) above Earth's surface.

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Carbondioxide gas is produced in the atmosphere by the?


वायुमंडल में कार्बन डाइआक्साइड गैस कहाँ से आता है?

A)

Breathing process of animals and humans

/

पशुओं और मनुष्यों की श्वसन की क्रिया से


B)

Burning of fuels

/

ईंधन के जलने से


C)

Volcanic activity

/

ज्वालामुखीय गतिविधि से


D)

All of the above

/

उपरोक्त सभी



Correct Answer :

Burning of fuels

/

ईंधन के जलने से

Which of the following places on the earth is the hottest?


पृथ्वी पर निम्नलिखित में से कौन सा स्थान सबसे अधिक गर्मीं है?

A)

Quetta


B)

Death Valley


C)

Jacobabad


D)

Jaisalmer



Correct Answer :

Death Valley


Explanation :

Death Valley is a desert valley located in eastern California, USA. It is one of the hottest places on earth.

The atmospheric layer reflecting radio waves is called?


रेडियो तरंगों को परावर्तित करने वाली वायुमंडलीय परत को क्या कहा जाता है|

A)

Ozonosphere

/

ओज़ोनमंडल


B)

Stratosphere

/

समतापमंडल


C)

Ionosphere

/

आयनमंडल


D)

Troposphere

/

क्षोभमंडल



Correct Answer :

Ionosphere

/

आयनमंडल


Explanation :

The ionosphere is the part of the atmosphere that is ionized by solar radiation. It plays an important role in atmospheric electricity and creates the inner edge of the magnetosphere. It has practical significance because, among other things, it reflects radio waves back to the earth.

On maps, the horizontal distribution of temperature is commonly shown by?


नक्शे पर, तापमान की क्षैतिज वितरण सामान्यतः द्वारा दिखाया जाता है?

A)

Isobars

/

आइसोबार


B)

Isotherms

/

आइसोथर्मीं


C)

Isohyets

/

आइसोहाइट्स


D)

Isohaline

/

आइसोहेलीन



Correct Answer :

Isotherms

/

आइसोथर्मीं


Explanation :

Distribution of temperature across the latitudes over the surface of the earth is called its horizontal distribution. On maps, the horizontal distribution of temperature is commonly shown by isotherms.

In metric units the average sea level pressure is?


मीट्रिक इकाइयों में औसत समुद्र तल का औसत दबाव है?

A)

900 millibar


B)

1013.2 millibar


C)

1023 millibar


D)

760 millibar



Correct Answer :

1013.2 millibar


Explanation :

The standard atmosphere (symbol: atm) is a unit of pressure defined as 1013.25 mbar (101325 Pa), equivalent to 760 mm Hg (torr), 29.9212 inches Hg, or 14.696 psi.

Wind is defined by which of the following?


पवन निम्न में से है जिसके द्वारा परिभाषित है?

A)

Wind Speed and Wind Direction

/

हवा की गति और हवा की दिशा


B)

Only wind speed

/

हवा की गति


C)

Only wind Direction

/

हवा की दिशा


D)

Only wind Direction

/

उपरोक्त मे से कोई नहीं



Correct Answer :

Wind Speed and Wind Direction

/

हवा की गति और हवा की दिशा

Which one of the following is not a factor affecting the atmospheric pressure?


निम्न में से कौन सा कारक, वायुमंडलीय दबाव को प्रभावित नहीं करता है?

A)

Temperature

/

तापमान


B)

Presence of water vapour

/

जल वाष्प की उपस्थिति


C)

Altitude

/

ऊंचाई


D)

All of the above

/

उपरोक्त सभी



Correct Answer :

All of the above

/

उपरोक्त सभी

Which sea records the maximum temperature?


निम्नलिखित में से किस समुद्र में सबसे अधिक तापमान दर्जा किया गया है|

A)

Black sea

/

काला सागर


B)

Baltic sea

/

बाल्टिक सागर


C)

Red sea

/

लाल सागर


D)

Caspian sea

/

कैस्पियन सागर



Correct Answer :

Red sea

/

लाल सागर

Which of the following factors is not responsible for increase in surface salinity of oceans?


निम्नलिखित कारकों में से कौन सा महासागरों की सतह लवणता में वृद्धि के लिए जिम्मेदार नहीं है?

A)

Evaporation

/

वाष्पीकरण


B)

Ice formation

/

बर्फ का गठन


C)

Solution of salt deposits

/

लवण का घोल


D)

Mixing of less saline deep water

/

कम नमकीन गहरे पानी का मिश्रण



Correct Answer :

Mixing of less saline deep water

/

कम नमकीन गहरे पानी का मिश्रण

The salinity of sea ice ranges from?


समुद्र में बर्फ की लवणता होती है:

A)

0-3%


B)

3-10%


C)

11-17%


D)

28-35%



Correct Answer :

0-3%

Which of these crops require hot climate and rainfall above 200 cm.?


इनमें से किस फसल के लिए गर्म जलवायु और 200 सेमी से अधिक वर्षा की आवश्यकता होती है?

A)

Wheat

/

गेहूं


B)

Maize

/

मक्का


C)

Cotton

/

कपास


D)

Rubber

/

रबड़



Correct Answer :

Rubber

/

रबड़


Explanation :

Rubber is a tropical tree. It requires high temperature through out the year between 20–30°C. In some cases (younger trees), rubber trees can withstand a low temperature of around 15°C for a short period of time. An average rainfall of above 200cm is necessary for the latex tree cultivation.

The best quality coal is?


सबसे अच्छी गुणवत्ता का कोयला है?

A)

Anthracite

/

एन्थ्रेसाइट


B)

Bituminus

/

ब़िटुमिनस


C)

Lignite

/

लिग्नाइट


D)

Pea

/

पी



Correct Answer :

Anthracite

/

एन्थ्रेसाइट


Explanation :

Coal is a fossil fuel that is made from plant residues which lived and died million of years ago when parts of the earth were covered with huge swampy forests. Coal is classified as a nonrenewable energy source because it takes millions of years to build.

Coal is classified into four main types are peat, lignite, bituminous, and anthracite.

Peat Contains less than 40 to 55 per cent carbon.It is the first step in coal formation.peat contains a lot of moisture. It is a very soft brown coal.

Lignite coal usually contains 40%–55% carbon.It is a soft brown coal that still contains a high amount of moisture.This is lower grade coal.

Bituminous coal contains 45%–86% carbon. It is most widely available and used.It is a dense, compact, and is usually in black colour.

Anthracite coal contains 86%–97% carbon and generally has the highest heating value of all ranks of coal. It is hard and dark black in color,and has very light weight when compared to other forms of coal, as there is very little moisture present in it.It is the highest grade of coal.

Minerals are?


खनिज पदार्थ है?

A)

A Natural, homogenous, inorganic solid with crystalline atomic structure

/

रवेदार परमाणु संरचना वाले प्राकृतिक, सजातीय, अकार्बनिक, ठोस पदार्थ


B)

Artificial, homogeneous, organic solid with a crystalline atomic structure

/

रवेदार परमाणु संरचना वाले कृत्रिम, सजातीय, कार्बनिक, ठोस पदार्थ


C)

Natural,heterogeneous, inorganic, solid with a crystalline atomic structure

/

रवेदार परमाणु संरचना वाले प्राकृतिक, विजातीय, अकार्बनिक, ठोस पदार्थ


D)

Natural, homogeneous, inorganic solid with amorphous atomic structure

/

आकारहींन परमाणु संरचना वाले प्राकृतिक, सजातीय, अकार्बनिक, ठोस पदार्थ



Correct Answer :

A Natural, homogenous, inorganic solid with crystalline atomic structure

/

रवेदार परमाणु संरचना वाले प्राकृतिक, सजातीय, अकार्बनिक, ठोस पदार्थ

The word Elnino is related to which language?


एलनीनों किस भाषा का शब्द है?

A)

Greek

/

ग्रीक


B)

French

/

फ्रेंच


C)

Spanish

/

स्पेनिश


D)

Portuguese

/

पुर्तगाली



Correct Answer :

Spanish

/

स्पेनिश


Explanation :

The ENSO cycle, including both El Niño and La Niña, causes global changes in temperature and rainfall. Developing countries that depend on their own agriculture and fishing, particularly those bordering the Pacific Ocean, are usually most affected. In American Spanish, the capitalized term El Niño means "the boy".

What is the name of the soil made from volcano?


ज्वालामुखी से निर्मींत मिट्टी का नाम है?

A)

Red soil

/

लाल मिट्टी


B)

Black soil

/

काली मिट्टी


C)

Llaterite soil

/

लेटेराइट मिट्टी


D)

Yellow soil

/

पीली मिट्टी



Correct Answer :

Black soil

/

काली मिट्टी


Explanation :

The black soil is also known as Regur soil. This type of soil is made up of volcanic rocks and lava.

Soil is found on most part of South India.


दक्षिण भारत के अधिकांश भाग पर मिलने वाली मिट्टी है।

A)

Black soil

/

काली मिट्टी


B)

Red soil

/

लाल मिट्टी


C)

Red and Yellow soil

/

लाल व पीली मिट्टी


D)

Desert soil

/

मरुस्थली मिट्टी



Correct Answer :

Red and Yellow soil

/

लाल व पीली मिट्टी


Explanation :

Yellow and red soils is found in south India. It develops on crystalline igneous rocks in areas of low rainfall in the eastern and southern part of the Deccan Plateau.

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