Indian Geography - General Knowledge Questions and Answers

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About 99 percent atmospheric mass lies below?

A)

50 km


B)

20 km


C)

12 km


D)

32 km



Correct Answer :

32 km


Explanation :

About 99% of the total atmospheric mass is concentrated in the first 20 miles (32 km) above Earth's surface.

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Carbondioxide gas is produced in the atmosphere by the?

A)

Breathing process of animals and humans


B)

Burning of fuels


C)

Volcanic activity


D)

All of the above



Correct Answer :

Burning of fuels

Which of the following places on the earth is the hottest?

A)

Quetta


B)

Death Valley


C)

Jacobabad


D)

Jaisalmer



Correct Answer :

Death Valley


Explanation :

Death Valley is a desert valley located in eastern California, USA. It is one of the hottest places on earth.

The atmospheric layer reflecting radio waves is called?

A)

Ozonosphere


B)

Stratosphere


C)

Ionosphere


D)

Troposphere



Correct Answer :

Ionosphere


Explanation :

The ionosphere is the part of the atmosphere that is ionized by solar radiation. It plays an important role in atmospheric electricity and creates the inner edge of the magnetosphere. It has practical significance because, among other things, it reflects radio waves back to the earth.

On maps, the horizontal distribution of temperature is commonly shown by?

A)

Isobars


B)

Isotherms


C)

Isohyets


D)

Isohaline



Correct Answer :

Isotherms


Explanation :

Distribution of temperature across the latitudes over the surface of the earth is called its horizontal distribution. On maps, the horizontal distribution of temperature is commonly shown by isotherms.

In metric units the average sea level pressure is?

A)

900 millibar


B)

1013.2 millibar


C)

1023 millibar


D)

760 millibar



Correct Answer :

1013.2 millibar


Explanation :

The standard atmosphere (symbol: atm) is a unit of pressure defined as 1013.25 mbar (101325 Pa), equivalent to 760 mm Hg (torr), 29.9212 inches Hg, or 14.696 psi.

Wind is defined by which of the following?

A)

Wind Speed and Wind Direction


B)

Only wind speed


C)

Only wind Direction


D)

Only wind Direction



Correct Answer :

Wind Speed and Wind Direction

Which one of the following is not a factor affecting the atmospheric pressure?

A)

Temperature


B)

Presence of water vapour


C)

Altitude


D)

All of the above



Correct Answer :

All of the above

Which sea records the maximum temperature?

A)

Black sea


B)

Baltic sea


C)

Red sea


D)

Caspian sea



Correct Answer :

Red sea

Which of the following factors is not responsible for increase in surface salinity of oceans?

A)

Evaporation


B)

Ice formation


C)

Solution of salt deposits


D)

Mixing of less saline deep water



Correct Answer :

Mixing of less saline deep water

The salinity of sea ice ranges from?

A)

0-3%


B)

3-10%


C)

11-17%


D)

28-35%



Correct Answer :

0-3%

Which of these crops require hot climate and rainfall above 200 cm.?

A)

Wheat


B)

Maize


C)

Cotton


D)

Rubber



Correct Answer :

Rubber


Explanation :

Rubber is a tropical tree. It requires high temperature through out the year between 20–30°C. In some cases (younger trees), rubber trees can withstand a low temperature of around 15°C for a short period of time. An average rainfall of above 200cm is necessary for the latex tree cultivation.

The best quality coal is?

A)

Anthracite


B)

Bituminus


C)

Lignite


D)

Pea



Correct Answer :

Anthracite


Explanation :

Coal is a fossil fuel that is made from plant residues which lived and died million of years ago when parts of the earth were covered with huge swampy forests. Coal is classified as a nonrenewable energy source because it takes millions of years to build.

Coal is classified into four main types are peat, lignite, bituminous, and anthracite.

Peat Contains less than 40 to 55 per cent carbon.It is the first step in coal formation.peat contains a lot of moisture. It is a very soft brown coal.

Lignite coal usually contains 40%–55% carbon.It is a soft brown coal that still contains a high amount of moisture.This is lower grade coal.

Bituminous coal contains 45%–86% carbon. It is most widely available and used.It is a dense, compact, and is usually in black colour.

Anthracite coal contains 86%–97% carbon and generally has the highest heating value of all ranks of coal. It is hard and dark black in color,and has very light weight when compared to other forms of coal, as there is very little moisture present in it.It is the highest grade of coal.

Minerals are?

A)

A Natural, homogenous, inorganic solid with crystalline atomic structure


B)

Artificial, homogeneous, organic solid with a crystalline atomic structure


C)

Natural,heterogeneous, inorganic, solid with a crystalline atomic structure


D)

Natural, homogeneous, inorganic solid with amorphous atomic structure



Correct Answer :

A Natural, homogenous, inorganic solid with crystalline atomic structure

The word Elnino is related to which language?

A)

Greek


B)

French


C)

Spanish


D)

Portuguese



Correct Answer :

Spanish


Explanation :

The ENSO cycle, including both El Niño and La Niña, causes global changes in temperature and rainfall. Developing countries that depend on their own agriculture and fishing, particularly those bordering the Pacific Ocean, are usually most affected. In American Spanish, the capitalized term El Niño means "the boy".

What is the name of the soil made from volcano?

A)

Red soil


B)

Black soil


C)

Llaterite soil


D)

Yellow soil



Correct Answer :

Black soil


Explanation :

The black soil is also known as Regur soil. This type of soil is made up of volcanic rocks and lava.

Soil is found on most part of South India.

A)

Black soil


B)

Red soil


C)

Red and Yellow soil


D)

Desert soil



Correct Answer :

Red and Yellow soil


Explanation :

Yellow and red soils is found in south India. It develops on crystalline igneous rocks in areas of low rainfall in the eastern and southern part of the Deccan Plateau.

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Two pipes A and B can fill a tank in 6 hours and 4 hours respectively. If they are opened on alternate hours and if pipe A s opened first, in how many hours, the tank shall be full?

A large tanker can be filled by two pipes A and B in 60 min and 40 min respectively. How many minutes will it take to fill the tanker from empty state if B is used for first half of the time, and A and B fill it together for the other half?

A tank is filled by 3 pipes with uniform flow. The first two pipes operating simultaneously fill the tank in the same time during which the tank is filled by the third pipe alone. The 2nd pipe fills the tank 5 hours faster than first pipe and 4 hours slower than third pipe. The time required by first pipe is?

Two pipes A and B together can fill a cistern in 4 hours. Had they been opened separately, then B would have taken 6 hours more than A to fill the cistern. How much time will be taken by A to fill the cistern separately?

Two pipes A and B can fill a tank in 24 min and 32 min respectively. If both the pipes are opened simultaneously, after how much time B should be closed so that the tank is full in 18 min?

Two pipes A and B can fill a tank in 36 min and 45 min respectively. A water pipe C can empty the tank in 30 min. First A and B are opened. after 7 min, C is also opened. In how much time, the tank is full?

Two pipes can fill a cistern in 14 hours and 16 hours respectively. The pipes are opened simultaneously and it is found that due to leakage in the bottom it took 32 min more to fill the cistern. When the cistern is full, in what time will the leak empty it?

Bucket P has thrice the capacity as Bucket Q. It takes 60 turns for Bucket P to fill the empty drum. How many turns it will take for both the buckets P and Q, having each turn together to fill the empty drum?

Probability

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In a lottery ,there are 10 prizes and 25 blanks.A lottery is drawn at random. what is the probability of getting a prize ?

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Two diced are tossed the probability that the total score is a prime number?

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A bag contains 6 white and 4 black balls .Two balls are drawn at random .Find the probability that they are of the same colour?

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An unbiased die is tossed.Find the probability of getting a multiple of 3?

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