Indian Economy - General Knowledge Questions and Answers - in Hindi

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The budget deficit is?


बजट घाटा है?

A)

Difference between all revenue receipts and revenue expenditure

/

सभी राजस्‍व प्राप्तियों और राजस्‍व खर्च के बीच अतंर


B)

Difference between exports income and import income

/

निर्यात आय और आयात आय के बीच अंतर


C)

Difference between all capital receipts and capital expenditure

/

सभी पूंजीगत प्राप्ति और पूंजीगत व्‍यय के बीच का अंतर


D)

Difference between total receipts and total expenditure

/

कुल प्राप्ति और कुल खर्च के बीच अतंर



Correct Answer :

Difference between total receipts and total expenditure

/

कुल प्राप्ति और कुल खर्च के बीच अंतर

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Paper currency Act was passed in India in?


कागजी मुद्रा अधिनियम भारत में पारित किया गया था?

A)

1951


B)

1989


C)

1950


D)

1861



Correct Answer :

1861


Explanation :

The Paper Currency Act of 1861 conferred upon Government of India the monopoly of Note Issue bringing to an end note issues of Private and Presidency Banks.

Government of India continued to issue currency notes till the Reserve Bank of India was established on 1st April, 1935.

In 1982 the RBI’s responsibility with respect to regional rural bank was transferred to?


1982 में क्षेत्रीय ग्रामीण बैंक के संबंध में रिजर्व बैंक की जिम्‍मेदारी को स्‍थानांतरित किया गया था?

A)

ARDC


B)

NABARD


C)

SBI


D)

PACS



Correct Answer :

NABARD


Explanation :

National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) was established on July 12, 1982.

Before NABARD came into existence, Agriculture Refinance and Development Cell of RBI was regulating control and supervision of RRBs.

Which of the following is not included in redistribution policies geared to reduce inequalities in wealth in India?


निम्न में से कौन भारत में धन की असमानताओं को कम करने के लिए तैयार पुनर्वितरण नीतियों में शामिल नही है?

A)

Regressive tax policies

/

प्रतिगामी कर नीतियां


B)

Laud reforms

/

सराहनीय बदलाव


C)

Overall rural development policies

/

पूर्ण ग्रामीण विकास की नीतियां


D)

Progressive tax policies

/

प्रगतिशील कर नीतियां



Correct Answer :

Regressive tax policies

/

प्रतिगामी कर नीतियां


Explanation :

Regressive tax – is that tax in which the rate of tax goes down as the income increases. It increases the economic inequalities. Indirect taxes are slightly regressive.

Devaluation of currency will be more beneficial if ?


मुद्रा का अवमूल्‍यन अधिक फायदेमंद होगा ?

A)

Inflation remain constant

/

मुद्रास्फीति की दर स्थिर रहेगी


B)

Price of exports remain constant

/

नियार्त का मूल्य स्थिर रहेगा


C)

Prices of imports remain high

/

आयात की कीमतें ऊंची बनी रहेंगी


D)

Prices of exports remain high

/

निर्यात की कीमतें ऊंची बनी रहेंगी



Correct Answer :

Price of exports remain constant

/

नियार्त का मूल्य स्थिर रहेगा

Which of the following is not included in national or union debt?


निम्न में से कौन सा राष्ट्रीय या संघ ऋण में शामिल नही है?

A)

LIC

/

भारतीय जीवन बीमा


B)

Long term government bonds

/

दीर्घकालिक सरकारी बांड


C)

Short term government bonds

/

लघु अवधि के सरकारी बांड


D)

National saving certificate

/

राष्ट्रीय बचत प्रमाण पत्र



Correct Answer :

National saving certificate

/

राष्ट्रीय बचत प्रमाण पत्र

In context to indian economy BOP stands for?


भारतीय अर्थव्यवस्था के संदर्भ में BOP का अर्थ है?

A)

Backlog of Payment


B)

Balance of Price


C)

Bill of Payment


D)

Balance of Payment



Correct Answer :

Balance of Payment

The basic objective of the Twenty Point Programme(TPP) launched in July 1975 was?


जुलाई 1975 में शुरू किए गए ट्वेंटी पॉइंट प्रोग्राम (टीपीपी) का मूल उद्देश्य था?

A)

to improve the quality of life of poor people


B)

to implement and monitor the economic reform in India


C)

to provide for economic stability of the country


D)

to scrutinize already implemented economic plans



Correct Answer :

to improve the quality of life of poor people


Explanation :

Twenty Point Programme (TPP) was launched by the Government of India in the year 1975 and restructured in 1982, 1986 and again in 2006.
The objective of the program is meant to give a thrust to schemes relating to Poverty Alleviation, Employment Generation in Rural Areas, Housing, Education, Family Welfare & Health, Protection of
Environment and many other dimensions having a bearing on the quality of life, especially in the rural areas.

The Gandhian plan was formulated by ?


गांधीवादी योजना किसके द्वारा तैयार की गई थी?

A)

N R Sarkar


B)

Jaiprakash Narayan


C)

M N Roy


D)

Sriram Narayan Agarwal



Correct Answer :

Sriram Narayan Agarwal


Explanation :

Shriman Narayan (1912 - 1978) was ex-governor of the Indian state of Gujarat. He was a great supporter of the philosophies of Mahatma Gandhi.In the spirit of Gandhian economic thinking, he wrote the book 'The Gandhian Plan for Economic Development of India',which was published in 1944 .

Which of the following taxes is classified under Direct taxes in Indian Taxation System?


निम्नलिखित में से किस कर को भारतीय कराधान प्रणाली में प्रत्यक्ष करों के तहत वर्गीकृत किया गया है?

A)

Excise Duty


B)

Service Tax


C)

Excise duty


D)

Professional Tax



Correct Answer :

Professional Tax


Explanation :

Taxes in India can be categorized as direct and indirect taxes.

Direct taxes are levied on individuals and corporate entities and cannot be transferred to others. These include income tax, wealth tax, capital gains tax, Professional tax and gift tax.

Indirect taxes are not directly paid by the assessee to the government authorities. These are levied on goods and services and collected by intermediaries (those who sell goods or offer services). Here are the most common indirect taxes in India are- value added tax (VAT), customs duty, excise duty and service tax

Which of the following is a Direct tax?


निम्नलिखित में से कौन सा प्रत्यक्ष कर है?

A)

Excise duty


B)

Customs duty


C)

Service tax


D)

Wealth tax



Correct Answer :

Wealth tax


Explanation :

Taxes in India can be categorized as direct and indirect taxes.

Direct taxes are levied on individuals and corporate entities and cannot be transferred to others. These include income tax, wealth tax, capital gains tax, Professional tax and gift tax.

Indirect taxes are not directly paid by the assessee to the government authorities. These are levied on goods and services and collected by intermediaries (those who sell goods or offer services). Here are the most common indirect taxes in India are- value added tax (VAT), customs duty, excise duty and service tax

The Reserve Bank of India was established in?


भारतीय रिजर्व बैंक की स्थापना में हुई थी?

A)

1949


B)

1947


C)

1927


D)

1935



Correct Answer :

1935


Explanation :

The Reserve Bank of India was established on 1 April 1935 to answer the economic problems after the First World War. The bank was established based on the recommendations of the 1926 Royal Commission on Indian Currency and Finance, also known as the Hilton Young Commission.

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